I've had the FDM-S3 a couple of weeks, and physically it is a totally different beast than for instance the SDRPlay RSPdx or Airspy HF+. For better - and for worse. Here are my first impressions of the Italian flagship.
Friday, April 09, 2021
Friday, April 02, 2021
Older SDRs aren't very stable. Well, compared to old boatanchors and even newer conventional receivers, +/- 1 ppm is excellent. But when keeping track of the offsets of stations is an important factor in MW DX-ing, we do not want the radios to drift. The Perseus SDR, though a magnificent radio in so many aspects, does drift. The stability vs. ambient temperature is +/- 1 ppm, while current SDRs do a lot better, 0.01 ppm or even 0.001 ppm with an OCXO and GPS reference.
At the KONG site, ambient temperatures routinely vary between 10 and 20 degrees C, and in extreme cases (also this winter), down to almost freezing. The Perseus drifts a lot during these temperature changes. We have seen 6-7 Hz drifting over a 10-15 degrees temperature change. Keeping track of offsets becomes challenging and manual calibration on known stable stations is often impractical.
The Bodnar Mini Precision GPS Reference Clock has gained some fame in the DX and radio amateur world for being a relatively low cost, high accuracy tool for reliable frequency readout. With it, you can insert a reference signal to your SDR.
There is no input for a reference signal in the Perseus SDR though. And since we only sample the MW band, we needed the reference signal to be present within the bandwidth we sample. The signal output from the Bodnar is +6 dBm even at its lowest setting, which would need some serious attenuation of the signal to avoid saturation. And with nine Perseus SDRs, did we have to buy nine devices?
No, we didn't. The nine SDRs are fed from four splitters, one for each beverage feedline. With the high signal level of the reference signal, it is in fact easier to wrap a wire from the signal output around the feedline. Induction rules, and the signal level is a lot lower. So, we still had to buy four devices?
No, we didn't! With such a strong reference signal, and the feedlines physically very close to eachother, we ended up with having to buy only one! A few turns of wire around each feedline provided us with a GPS reference on 1705 kHz for all our four beverages and nine Perseus.
It should be noted though, that our solution is based on the Jaguar software for Perseus - Jaguar enables us to manually or automatically calibrate readout.
The device needs a 5V power source, which I found on a spare USB port on one of my PCs. The connection also enables communication with the device itself. The only other requirement is of course access to open sky for the GPS antenna.